What is a Viral Hepatitis Virus?
In recent years, scientists have learned a lot about the role viruses play in our health and well-being. For instance, many viruses cause disease and death, and they are responsible for causing many of the world’s diseases. However, there are some viruses that remain virtually unknown. These viruses are called “zoon”, and scientists still have a lot to learn about them.
In order for a virus to reproduce, it must attack cellular machinery (which is often called “non-living” cells). Cellular machinery is the part of a cell that makes the proteins that make up the body and keep it running. The exact role that the cellular machinery plays is not well understood, but most experts agree that it is either necessary or the other part of the virus. If the viral machinery cannot reproduce, the virus will eventually die. But if it reproduces and creates a number of healthy cells, then it can survive until it replicates again. This is what makes the virus immortal: it can replicate indefinitely without ever becoming extinct.
There are a lot of different types of viruses. Some viruses are dangerous to all living organisms, but most of them are safe. The dangerous viruses are those that contain enveloped nucleic acids – or DNA – where insertion into living organisms causes them to reproduce. These are the kind of viruses that create life in the ocean, cause an allergy in humans, and are suspected of causing cancer. Examples of these are the SARS virus and the bird flu.
Some viruses have a single insertion point that allows them to spread and reproduce rapidly. A virus with a single insertion point is called a vision, or a clump of genetic material. There may be multiple insertsions into the host cell, resulting in a larger number of cells with the virus than there would normally be with the single insertion (if it were a normal virus). These viruses are usually single stranded, or linear. A linear virus has multiple copies of itself; each copy acts like a virus on the outside of the cell. The best way to distinguish between these is to know that only the virus itself spreads, while the DNA strands are left unscathed.
A new type of virus has been discovered that is encased within a working protein. The best way to tell a virus apart from other types is to look at the genetic code – the DNA sequence of the virus. A virus that is encased within a one genome (a DNA strand that has been fashioned from a piece of RNA material) will show many similarities to its natural host. A virus that only encodes a small portion of its genome will not look very much like the rest of the virus, or will only carry the genes it needs to reproduce. It is possible to identify these viruses by looking at samples of their rna genome, or by isolating them from their natural hosts.
In order for us to treat a virus infection, we must find the protein component of the virus that is the problem. We can then use a protein isolation method such as electrophoresis to identify the particular amino acids that make up the problem virus. Once we have isolated these proteins, we can use them to construct our own versions of these proteins, called therapeutic proteins. Our bodies are capable of producing these proteins on their own, but sometimes they are lost through natural death or environmental causes. Through the use of our own genetic material, we can artificially make these proteins and use them to replace the ones that may be missing from our bodies.