Information Regarding the Ways the Human Papilloma Virus Can Infect a Cell
A virus is an infectious agent that replicates itself without the help of any living thing. However, when it infects an immune-compromised cell, a virus may trick the immune system to create more viruses. Most commonly, viruses have both DNA or RNA as their primary genetic material. There are two types of viruses: enveloped viruses and simple viruses.
Enveloped viruses are enveloped in a nonprotein virus envelope that is produced by another organism. The protein material of the envelope may be constructed from any one of a variety of elements that includes: nucleoplasm, liposome, protospiral, retroviruses, bacterium, etc. In order for an enveloped virus to replicate, it must bind to a cell type which is not meant to be infected. For example, if a virus envelopes the nucleoplasm of a healthy cell, the nucleoplasm will not become infected and the virus will not reproduce. A different story is told for cells that are not intended to be infected: the DNA of these cells will remain unmasked and allow a viral envelope to latch onto them and reproduce.
When an envelope virus binds onto a host cell, it induces what is known as a “double-strand” reaction, which occurs in a process called transcription. During transcription, the DNA of the virus itself is inserted into the host cell’s genome. Then, instructions for the production of the virus and its associated proteins are inserted into the genome of the host cell. Finally, the viral genome is completed and the viral load is released into the environment.
Viruses can also affect bacteria. Bacteria, unlike many living things can adapt to specific alterations in their DNA structure. When a virus binds to a specific set of bacterial nucleoplasts, it creates a “stsake” or mutation in the coding DNA of the bacteria. These mutations then propagate themselves through the bacterial population until they cause a problem, such as the ability of some bacteria to grow at a faster rate than others, or cause the growth of a type of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
Sometimes, viruses can infect cells that are not meant to be infected. An example of this is the case of the coronavirus, which infects the blood cells in the lungs. The lungs can then develop pneumonia, which is an ailment caused by an infection in the lungs. Other types of disease-causing viruses may infect cells not meant to be infected, such as those found in the intestines, which can lead to food poisoning.
The genetic material of a virus, when passed on from parent to child, can sometimes be changed so much that the virus becomes less efficient at reproducing. Sometimes, genetic changes allow viruses to bypass a protective membrane, allowing the virus to reproduce inside the host cell without any harm. In these cases, the virus’ ability to reproduce is impaired and the infection can come back again.